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Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss. It can take a variety of forms, but the two most common are androgenic alopecia and alopecia areata. Both are characterized by baldness, but the pattern of loss varies. Here, we focus on some of the most commonly asked questions about alopecia areata.   1. What is the cause of alopecia areata? Alopecia areata is a type of autoimmune condition whereby the body’s own immune system becomes activated and causes inflammation under the skin around hair follicles. In the presence of inflammation, hair follicles don’t grow properly and many end up falling...

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Androgenetic alopecia, also known as male pattern balding and female pattern hair loss is the most common hair loss disorder, affecting both men and women. Initial signs of androgenetic alopecia usually develop during teenage years leading to progressive hair loss with a pattern distribution. Moreover, its frequency increases with age and affects up to 80% Caucasian men and 42% of women.   Androgenetic Alopecia Causes; Genetics & Androgen Hormone The main cause of androgenetic alopecia is genetics. Another major factor is the male sex hormone called androgen. The androgen hormone has many functions and one of them is the generation of hair growth....

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